Great Benin Bronze


Lord lugard is the first Govern general of Colonial Nigerian. Amagamated The south and northeren protectorate in 1914.



........... ......... .


By Lord Luggard


"In character and temperament" wrote Lord Lugard, "the

typical African of this race-type is a happy,

thriftless, excitable person. Lacking in self control,

discipline, and foresight. Naturally courageous, and

naturally courteous and polite, full of personal vanity, with

little sense of veracity, fond of music and loving

weapons as an oriental loves jewelry.


His thoughts are

concentrated on the events and feelings of the moment,

and he suffers little from the apprehension for the

future, or grief for the past. His mind is far nearer to

the animal world than the that of the European or

Asiatic, and exhibits something of the animals placidity

and want of desire to rise beyond the State he has



Through the ages the African appears to have

evolved no organised religious creed, and though some

tribes appear to believe in a deity, the religious sense

seldom rises above pantheistic animalism and seems more

often to take the form of a vague dread of the



He lacks the power of organisation, and is

conspicuuously deficient in the management and control alike of

men or business. He loves the display of power, but

fails to realise its responsibility ....he will work

hard with a less incentive than most races.


He has th

ecourage of the fighting animal -an instinct rather than

a moral virtue...... In brief, the virtues and defects

of this race-type are those of attractive children,

whose confidence when it is won is given ungrudgingly as

to an older and wiser superior and without



....Perhaps the two traits which have impressed me as

those most characteristic of the African native are his

lack of aprehension and his ability to visualize the



 Pg 70 of The Dual Mandate by F.D.Lugard 1926

............ ........

The Right Honourable The Lord Lugard GCMG CB, DSO PC 
14th Governor of Hong KongIn office29 July 1907 – 16 March 1912Preceded by Sir Matthew NathanSucceeded by Sir Francis Henry May
Born 22 January 1858 Madras, IndiaDied 11 April 1945 (aged 87)Dorking, Surrey, England, UKSpouse(s) Flora ShawAlma mater Royal Military College, SandhurstProfession Soldier, explorer, colonial administrator,_1st_Baron_Lugard

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