Singular and Plural in Edonaze

by Uwagboe Ogieva


A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, name of a person, persons, animals, place or places. A noun is a member of a large, open part of speech whose members can occur as the main word in the subject of a clause, the object of a verb, or the object of a preposition. Singular and plural basically deals on pluralizing nouns. In Edo Language some nouns that takes “o” or “ọ” as first letter do end in plural forms with “i” or “e” as the first letter. e.g. ọgbenbe (writer) in plural form will be “igbenbe”(writers). Other nouns with either {i,e,u,a}  as first letter have “avbe” added word to make it a plural noun. In most cases “avbe” is a general form of multiple pluralism in Edo  

 . 

 

See table bellow:

 

As in the case of plural words that starts with “i” -  ikpẹmwen vbe nobun/nibun n'oh suenren vbe “i”

 

Vb'ọkpa [Singular]

Vbe nobun [Plural]

As in “Avbe” or  “Avb'” [Multiple]

Okhuo ( woman )

Ikhuo ( women )

Avbe ikhuo

Ọgbenbe ( writer )

Igbenbe ( writers )

Avbe igbenbe

Ọduẹki  ( trader / businessman )

Iduẹki ( traders )

Avbe iduẹki

Ọdemwin ( client/customer)

Idemwin  ( clients/customers)

Avbe idemwin

Ovbiẹdo ( Edo man )

Ivbiẹdo ( Edo people )

Avbe ivbiẹdo

Okpia ( man )

Ikpia ( men )

Avbe ikpia

Ovbiọmwan ( one's child )

Ivbiọmwan ( ones children )

Avbe ivbiọmwan

Ovbialeke ( young girl )

Ivbialeke ( young girls )

Avbe ivbialeke

Ovbirhuẹmwin ( student )

Ivbirhuẹmwin ( students )

Avbe ivbirhuẹmwin

Ọgbugbo ( farmer )

Igbugbo ( farmers )

Avbe igbugbo

Ọkpema  ( drummer )

Ikpema ( drummers)

Avbe ikpema

Ovbimwen ( my child )

Ivbimwen ( my children )

Avbe ivbimwen

Ọfendin ( harvester )

Ifendin  ( harvesters )

Avbe ifendin

Ovbiẹvbo ( citizen )

Ivbiẹvbo (citizens )

Avbe ivbiẹvbo

Ọrriọvbere ( stranger )

Irrriọvbere  ( strangers )

Avbe irriọvbere

 

As in the case of plural words that starts with “e” -  ikpẹmwen vbe nobun n'oh suenren vbe “e”

 

Vb'ọkpa

Vbe nobun

As in “Avbe” or  “Avb'”

Ọmotọ ( indigen )

Emotọ ( indigens )

Avbe emotọ

Ọmwan ( person )

Emwan  ( Persons )

Avbe emwan

Ọmerran ( fruit )

Emerran ( fruits )

Avbe emerran

Ọmon ( child )

Emon ( children )

Avbe emon

Ọmonmwen ( my child )

Emonmwen ( my children )

Avbe emonmwen

Ọkhaemwen ( chief )

Ekhaemwen ( chiefs )

Avbe ekhaemwen

Ọdionmwan ( senior )

Edionmwan ( seniors )

Avbe edionmwan

Ona ( this )

Ena ( these )

Avbe ena

Ọni  ( that )

Eni  ( those )

Avbe eni

Ọdionwere (community leader)

Edionwere (community leaders)

Avbe edionwere

Oghian (enemy)

Eghian (Enemies) Avbe eghian

Other nouns take “avbe” in plural form – Enin n'ih kẹre ghi rrie “avbe” vbe nibun. E.g :

 

Ukpu (cup)

Avbe ukpu

Okotọ (vehicle)

Avbe okotọ

Ẹvbo  ( country )

Avbe ẹvbo

Uki ( moon )

Avbe uki

Ẹzẹ ( river )

Avbe ẹzẹ

Rrie iwanienmwen ye inota na:

(1) Vbe ọre ẹko vbe nibun?

(2) Vbe ọre obọ vbe nibun?

(3) Vbe ọre owisimwiegbe vbe nibun?

(4) Vbe ọre ọdafen vbe nibun?

(5) Vbe ọre okẹhoho vbe nibun?

(6) Vbe ọre Akobe nibun?

(7) Vbe ọre ozi vbe nibun?

(8) Vbe atiere ukorhun vbe nibun?

(9) Vbe atiere oyi vbe nibun?

(10) Vbe atiere etisa vbe nibun?

 

What are singular and plural of these words:

 

1. Agada
2. Amwen
3. Arhowa
4. Arruaho
5. Aýehor
6. Edede
7. Edionmwan
8. Ekhaemwen
9. Erra
10. Erranagbon
11. Erranokhua
12. Esakpaghodo
13. Eyẹ 
14. Ihienhien
15. Ivbie omo
16. Iye
17. Iye ne okpe okhuo
18. Iyenagbon
19. Iyenokhua
20. Iyeodede
21. Iyeogie
22. Nogie
23. Noyaenmwen / Naenmwen 
24. Noyẹmwen
25. Oba
26. Odafen
27. Odin
28. Odion
29. Odionwere
30. ọdor
31. ọdor ne ih menmwen gu dia
32. Ogie
33. Okhuo 
34. Okhuo ne ih menmwen gu dia
35. ọmo 
36. Omo ẹwean
37. ọmo ne ih rhuẹmwen onren
38. Omo odion
39. Omo okhuo
40. Omo okpia
41. ọse
42. ọse ne ih ya rruọ
43. ọten
44. ọten ne kherre
45. ọten ne ọdion
46. ọten ne okhuo
47. ọten ne okpia
48. Ovbie omo
49. Ovbokhan
50. Uke

 



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