By Uwagboe Ogieva © 2011


ih - I, me, my, mine

W - you, your, yours

Ima - we, us, our, ours

re / Onren / ihien - he, she, it, him, her, his, hers, its

Ihian - they, them, their, theirs

Uwa - You (Plural)


Word and corresponding usage in making a sentence in Edonazẹ

Ikpẹmwen = word : Ifiẹmwen = Sentence

Words - As in (Me) - As in (singular “You” / Plural “You”) - As in (them/they) - As in (He / She) - As in (We)

1 Agada - Agada mwen - Agada wẹ / Agada ihian Agada ẹre - Agada ima

2 Amwen - Amwen mwen - Amwen wẹ / Amwen uwa Amwen ihian - Amwen onren - Amwen ima

3 Arhowa - Arhowa mwen - Arhowa wẹ / Arhowa uwa - Arhowa ihian - Arhowa ẹre - Arhowa ima

4 Arruaro - Arruaro mwen - Arruaro wẹ / Arruaro ihian - Arruaro ẹre - Arruaro ima

5 Aýehor - Aýehor mwen - Aýehor wẹ / Aýehor ihian - Aýehor ẹre - Aýehor ima

6 Edede - Edede mwen - Edede wẹ / Edede uwa - Edede ihian - Edede ẹre - Edede ima

7 Edionmwan - Edionmwan mwen - Edionmwan wẹ / Edionmwan uwa - Edionmwan ihian - Edionmwan ren - Edionmwan ima

8 Ekhaemwen - Ekhaemwen mwen - Ekhaemwen wẹ / Ekhaemwen uwa  - Ekhaemwen ihian - Ekhaemwen onren - Ekhaemwen ima

9 Erra - Erra mwen - Erra wẹ / Erra uwa - Erra ihian - Erra ẹre - Erra ima

10 Erranagbon - Erranagbon mwen - Erranagbon wẹ / Erranagbon uwa - Erranagbon ihian - Erranagbon onren - Erranagbon ima

11 Erranokhua - Erra mwen nokhua - Erra wẹ nokhua / Erra uwa nokhua - Erranokhua ihian - Erra ẹre nokhua - Erra ima nokhua

12 Esakpaghodo - Esakpaghodo mwen - Esakpaghodo wẹ / Esakpaghodo uwa - Esakpaghodo ihian - Esakpaghodo ẹre - Esakpaghodo ima

13 Eyẹ - Eyẹ mwen - Eyẹ wẹ / Eyẹ uwa - Eyẹ ihian - Eyẹ ẹre - Eyẹ ima

14 Ihienhien - Ihienhien mwen - Ihienhien wẹ / Ihienhien uwa - Ihienhien ihian - Ihienhien onren - Ihienhien ima

15 Ivbie-omo - Ivbie-omo mwen - Ivbie-omo wẹ / Ivbie-omo uwa - Ivbie-omo ihian - Ivbie-omo onren - Ivbie omo ima

16 Iye - Iye mwen - Iye wẹ / Iye uwa - Iye ihian - Iye ẹre - Iye ima

17 Iye ne okpe okhuo - Iye mwen ne okpe okhuo - Iye wẹ ne okpe okhuo / Iye uwa ne okpe okhuo - Iye ihian ne okpe okhuo - Iye ẹre ne okpe okhuo Iye ima ne okpe okhuo

18 Iyenagbon - Iyenagbon mwen - Iyenagbon wẹ / Iyenagbon uwa - Iyenagbon ihian - Iyenagbon onren - Iyenagbon ima

19 Iyenokhua - Iye mwen nokhua - Iye wẹ nokhua / Iye uwa nokhua - Iyenokhua ihian - Iye ẹre nokhua - Iye ima nokhua

20 Iyeodede - Iyeodede mwen - Iyeodede wẹ / Iyeodede uwa - Iyeodede ihian - Iyeodede ẹre - Iyeodede ima

21 Iyeogie - Iyeogie mwen - Iyeogie wẹ / Iyeogie uwa - Iyeogie ihian - Iyeogie ẹre - Iyeogie ima

22 Nogie - Nogie mwen - Nogie wẹ / nogie uwa - Nogie ihian - Nogie ẹre - Nogie ima

23 Noyaenmwen / Naenmwen - Noyaen mwen - Noyaen wẹ / Noyaen uwa - Noyaen ihian - Noyaen ẹre - Noyaen ima

24 Noyẹmwen - Noyẹ mwen - Noyẹ wẹ / Noyẹ uwa - Noyẹ ihian - Noyẹ ọre - Noyẹ ima

25 Oba - Oba mwen - Oba wẹ / Oba uwa - Oba ihian - Oba ẹre - Oba ima

26 Odafen - Odafen mwen - Odafen wẹ / Odafen uwa - Odafen ihian - Odafen onren - Odafen ima

27 Odin - Odin mwen - Odin wẹ / Odin uwa - Odin ihian - Odin onren - Odin ima

28 Odion - Odion mwen - Odion wẹ / Odion uwa - Odion ihian - Odion onren - Odion ima

29 Odionwere - Odionwere mwen - Odionwere wẹ / Odionwere uwa - Odionwere ihian - Odionwere ẹre - Odionwere ima

30 ọdor - ọdor mwen - ọdor wẹ / ọdor uwa - ọdor ihian - ọdor ẹre - ọdor ima

31 ọdor ne ih menmwen gu dia - ọdor mwen ne ih menmwen gu dia - ọdor wẹ ne uh gu dia / ọdor uwa ne uwa gu dia - ọdor ihian ne ihian gu dia - ọdor ẹre ne ọh gu dia - ọdor ima ne ima gu dia

32 Ogie - Ogie mwen - Ogie wẹ / Ogie uwa - Ogie ihian - Ogie ẹre - Ogie ima

33 Okhuo - Okhuo mwen - Okhuo wẹ / Okhuo uwa - Okhuo ihian - Okhuo ẹre - Okhuo ima

34 Okhuo ne ih menmwen gu dia - Okhuo mwen ne ih menmwen gu dia - Okhuo wẹ ne uh gu dia / Okhuo uwa ne uwa gu dia - Okhuo ihian ne ihian gu dia - Okhuo ẹre ne ọh gu dia - Okhuo ima ne ima gu dia

35 ọmo - ọmo mwen - ọmo wẹ / ọmo uwa - ọmo ihian - ọmo onren - ọmo ima

36 Omo ẹwean - Omo ẹwean mwen - Omo ẹwean wẹ / omo ẹwaen uwa - Omo ẹwean ihian - Omo ẹwean onren - Omo ẹwean ima

37 ọmo ne ih rhuẹmwen onren - ọmo mwen ne ih rhuẹmwen onren - ọmo wẹ ne uh rhuẹmwen onren / ọmo uwa ne uwa rhuẹmwen onren - ọmo ihian ne ihian rhuẹmwen onren - ọmo onren ne ọh rhuẹmwen onren - ọmo ima ne ima rhuẹmwen onren

38 Omo odion - Omo odion mwen - Omo odion wẹ / Omo odion uwa - Omo odion ihian - Omo odion onren - Omo odion ima

39 Omo okhuo - Omo okhuo mwen - Omo okhuo wẹ / Omo okhuo uwa - Omo okhuo ihian - Omo okhuo ẹre - Omo okhuo ima

40 Omo okpia - Omo okpia mwen - Omo okpia wẹ / Omo okpia uwa - Omo okpia ihian - Omo okpia ẹre - Omo okpia ima

41 ọse - ọse mwen - ọse wẹ / ọse uwa - ọse ihian - ọse ẹre - ọse ima

42 ọse ne ih ya rruọ - ọse mwen ne ih ya rruọ - ọse wẹ ne uh ya rruọ / ọse ne ih ya rruọ - ọse ihian ne ihian ya rruọ - ọse ẹre ne ọh ya rruọ - ọse ima ne ima ya rruọ

43 ọten - ọten mwen - ọten wẹ / ọten uwa - ọten ihian - ọten onren - ọten ima

44 ọten ne kherre - ọten mwen ne kherre - ọten wẹ ne kherre / ọten uwa ne kherre - ọten ihian ne kherre - ọten onren ne kherre - ọten ima ne kherre

45 ọten ne ọdion - ọten mwen ne ọdion - ọten wẹ ne ọdion / ọten uwa ne ọdion - ọten ihian ne ọdion - ọten onren ne ọdion - ọten ima ne ọdion

46 ọten ne okhuo - ọten mwen ne okhuo - ọten wẹ ne okhuo / ọten uwa ne okhuo - ọten ihian ne okhuo - ọten onren ne okhuo - ọten ima ne okhuo

47 ọten ne okpia - ọten mwen ne okpia - ọten wẹ ne okpia / ọten uwa ne okpia - ọten ihian ne okpia - ọten onren ne okpia - ọten ima ne okpia

48 Ovbie omo - Ovbie omo mwen - Ovbie omo wẹ / Ovbie omo uwa - Ovbie omo ihian - Ovbie omo onren - Ovbie omo ima

49 Ovbokhan - Ovbokhan mwen - Ovbokhan wẹ / Ovbokhan uwa - Ovbokhan ihian - Ovbokhan onren - Ovbokhan ima

50 Uke - Uke mwen - Uke wẹ / Uke uwa - Uke ihian - Uke ẹre - Uke ima

1. Agada
2. Amwen
3. Arhowa
4. Arruaho
5. Ayehor
6. Edede
7. Edionmwan
8. Ekhaemwen
9. Erra
10. Erranagbon
11. Erranokhua
12. Esakpaghodo
13. Eyẹ
14. Ihienhien
15. Ivbie omo
16. Iye
17. Iye ne okpe okhuo
18. Iyenagbon
19. Iyenokhua
20. Iyeodede
21. Iyeogie
22. Nogie
23. Noyaenmwen / Naenmwen
24. Noyẹmwen
25. Oba
26. Odafen
27. Odin
28. Odion
29. Odionwere
30. ọdor
31. ọdor ne ih menmwen gu dia
32. Ogie
33. Okhuo
34. Okhuo ne ih menmwen gu dia
35. ọmo
36. Omo ẹwean
37. ọmo ne ih rhuẹmwen onren
38. Omo odion
39. Omo okhuo
40. Omo okpia
41. ọse
42. ọse ne ih ya rruọ
43. ọten
44. ọten ne kherre
45. ọten ne ọdion
46. ọten ne okhuo
47. ọten ne okpia
48. Ovbie omo
49. Ovbokhan
50. Uke

Please pick or make a selection

from 1 to 50 and tell what you understand or the meaning.



Views: 1175

Replies to This Discussion

Pronouns are generally not capitalised even when they refer to a proper noun (except, of course, at the start of a sentence). Exceptions are the first-person pronoun I, which in standard English is always capitalised, and, in reverential use, pronouns which stand for the name of a deity, such as He referring to Jesus or the Christian God.

I love you.
That reminds me of something.
He looked at them.
Take it or leave it.
Who says so?

Common types of pronouns found in the world's languages are as follows:

Personal pronouns stand in place of the names of people or things:
Subjective pronouns are used when the person or thing is the subject of the sentence or clause. English example: I like to eat chips, but she does not.

Second person formal and informal pronouns (T-V distinction). For example, vous and tu in French. There is no distinction in modern English though Elizabethan English marked the distinction with "thou" (singular informal) and "you" (plural or singular formal).
Inclusive and exclusive "we" pronouns indicate whether the audience is included. There is no distinction in English.

Intensive pronouns, also known as emphatic pronouns, re-emphasize a noun or pronoun that has already been mentioned. English uses the same forms as for the reflexive pronouns; for example: I did it myself (contrast reflexive use, I did it to myself).

Objective pronouns are used when the person or thing is the object of the sentence or clause. English example: John likes me but not her.

Direct and indirect object pronouns. English uses the same forms for both; for example: Mary loves him (direct object); Mary sent him a letter (indirect object).

Reflexive pronouns are used when a person or thing acts on itself. English example: John cut himself.

Reciprocal pronouns refer to a reciprocal relationship. English example: They do not like each other.

Prepositional pronouns come after a preposition. No distinct forms exist in English; for example: Anna and Maria looked at him.

Disjunctive pronouns are used in isolation or in certain other special grammatical contexts. No distinct forms exist in English; for example: Who does this belong to? Me.

Dummy pronouns are used when grammatical rules require a noun (or pronoun), but none is semantically required. English example: It is raining.

Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession or ownership.
In a strict sense, the possessive pronouns are only those that act syntactically as nouns. English example: Those clothes are mine. Often, though, the term "possessive pronoun" is also applied to the so-called possessive adjectives (or possessive determiners). For example, in English: I lost my wallet. They are not strictly speaking pronouns because they do not substitute for a noun or noun phrase, and as such, some grammarians classify these terms in a separate lexical category called determiners (they have a syntactic role close to that of adjectives, always qualifying a noun).

Demonstrative pronouns distinguish the particular objects or people that are referred to from other possible candidates. English example: I'll take these.

Indefinite pronouns refer to general categories of people or things. English example: Anyone can do that.

Distributive pronouns are used to refer to members of a group separately rather than collectively. English example: To each his own.

Negative pronouns indicate the non-existence of people or things. English example: Nobody thinks that.

Relative pronouns refer back to people or things previously mentioned. English example: People who smoke should quit now.

Indefinite relative pronouns have some of the properties of both relative pronouns and indefinite pronouns. They have a sense of "referring back", but the person or thing to which they refer has not previously been explicitly named. English example: I know what I like.

Interrogative pronouns ask which person or thing is meant. English example: Who did that?
In many languages (e.g., Czech, English, French, Interlingua, and Russian), the sets of relative and interrogative pronouns are nearly identical. Compare English: Who is that? (interrogative) to I know who that is. (relative).

Pronouns and determiners are closely related, and some linguists view pronouns as actually determiners without a noun or a noun phrase. E.g.
Pronoun Determiner
Personal (1st/2nd) we we Scotsmen
Possessive ours our freedom
Demonstrative this this gentleman
Indefinite some some frogs
Interrogative who which option

Pronouns have been included in parts of speech since at least the 2nd century BC where they were included in Art of Grammar. Strict objections against this approach have appeared among grammatical theories in the 20th century AD.

"Azerbaijan Linguistic School" denies independence of pronoun, it is not considered to be an independent part of speech, because relations between pronouns and other parts of speech are not equal and mutually exclusive, since the properties of pronouns overlap with other parts of speech as a subset of them. But this contradicts the second law of "logic division" (which reads: "Members of division should be mutually exclusive, i.e. should not overlap"). Dismemberment of all major parts of speech first to general and particular and then to abstract and concrete types shows that the place of abstract-and-general form of each part of speech is empty.

The conclusion is that this is a pronoun which is traditionally (by historical inertia or under influence authority of ancient schools) separated from the other parts of speech, gathered in one class and called a pronoun. On the basis of this logic this school considers it appropriate to distribute pronouns among other parts of speech.

Avbe Ifiẹmwen - Sentences :

  1.  Agada - Agada mwen - Agada wẹ / Agada ihian Agada ẹre - Agada ima

    - Agada mwen n'okhuo fẹko diaere owẹ ne - My daughter with bow legs is gradually getting straight 
    - Te Arhowa ghi mu Agada wẹ n'okpia gie iye ẹre n'ọkhua rha? - Did your husband take your son with bow legs to his grand mother? 
    - Uh wẹrẹ, agada ihian n'okpia ẹrọ khu wẹ lae owa? vb'osunun? - You said , is their bow leg son that drove you into the house? what happened? 
    - Agada ẹre n'okhuo non, ghe ih rhonren! - Is her bow leg daughter, I know her!
    - Ihian wẹrẹ Agada ima n'okpia Ediagbonya mu rre, ya rrie ẹre rre! - They said is our bow leg son Ediagbonya brought, go bring him!


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