The Use of “ma, ta, ghi, ighi, ọma and ẹma” in Edonaze

 

By Uwagboe Ogieva

ma – ok, ma – didn't, ma – not ok or bad

ta – say, tell or speak, tama – tell to or tell it to

ọma – ok, alright, good, correct, accurate, correspond and positive

ẹma – not good, incorrect, bad etc

 

ih – i, uh / w – you, ima – we, ihian – they/them, uwa – you(plural), ọh and ẹh – it/he/she [ẹre, ihien, onren, ren,], me - me, Ihien - Him/her [he/she]

ghi – usually, will, can, could, are, etc

ighi – not, don't, isn't, can't, couldn't etc

POSITIVE SENSE

NEGATIVE SENSE

ih/me ma

uh/w ma

ima ma

(ihien ma)

ihian ma

uwa ma

ọh ma

 

i am ok

you (are) ok

we (are) ok/good

they (are) ok/alright

you (plural) (are)ok

he/she/ it is ok

ih/me ma [“ma” here, means “not ok”]

uh/w ma

ima ma

ihian ma

uwa ma

ẹh ma

i am not ok

you (are) not ok

we (are) not ok/good

they (are) not ok/alright

you (plural) (are) not ok

it's not good

 

ih ghi ma

uh/w ghi ma

 

ima ghi ma

(ihien ghi ma)

ihian ghi ma


uwa ghi ma

 

ọh ghi ma

 

i am usually good

you (are) usually good

we (are) usually ok/good

they (are) usually good/alright

you (plural) (are) usually ok

he/she/ it is usually ok

ih ighi ma [“ma” here, means “not ok”]

uh/w ighi ma

ima ighi ma

ihian ighi ma

uwa ighi ma

ẹh ighi ma [ẹh refers thing]

i am not good


you (are) not good

we (are) not ok/good

they (are) not ok/alright

you (plural) (are) not good

it's not good

 

ih/me ta

uh ta

ima ta

(ihien ta)

ihian ta

ọh ta

 

 

i say/tell/speak/talk

you say/tell/speak

we say/tell/speak

they say/tell/speak

he/she say/tell/speak

 

 

ih ma ta

uh ma ta

ima ma ta

ihian ma ta

ọh ma ta

ẹh ta

 

i didn't say/tell/speak/talk

you didn't say/tell/speak

we didn't say/tell/speak

they didn't say/tell/speak

he/she didn't say/tell/speak

he/she wouldn't speak

 

ih/me ghi ta

uh/w ghi ta

ima ghi ta

ihian ghi ta

(ihien ghi ta)

ọh ghi ta

 

ih ma [“ma” means “didn't”. in most cases takes “ighi” to connote negative i.e. ih ma ighi – I didn't ] .

i will say/tell/speak

you will say/tell/speak

we will say/tell/speak

they will say/tell/speak

he/she will say/tell/speak

 

 

ih ma ighi ta

uh/w ma ighi ta

ima ma ighi ta

ihian ma ighi ta

ọh ma ighi ta

ẹh ighi ta

i didn't say/tell/speak

you didn't say/tell/speak

we didn't say/tell/speak

they didn't say/tell/speak

he/she didn't say/tell/speak

he wouldn't say/tell/speak

ọma, ih de

ọma, uh/w de

ọma, ima de

ọma, uwa de

(ọma, ihien de)

ọma, ihian de

ọma, ọh de

Ok, I (am) coming

Ok, you (am) coming

Ok, we (am) coming

Ok, you (am) coming

Ok, they (am) coming

Ok, he/she (am) coming

ọma, ih de

ọma, uh/w de

ọma, ima de

ọma, uwa de

ọma, ihian de

ọma, h de

Ok, I (am) not coming

Ok, you not coming

Ok, we not coming

Ok, you not coming

Ok, they not coming

Ok, he/she not coming

ọma, ih ghi de

ọma, uh/w ghi de

ọma, ima ghi de

ọma, uwa ghi de

(ọma, ihien ghi de)

ọma, ihian ghi de

ọma, ọh ghi de

Ok, I (am) coming

Ok, you (am) coming

Ok, we (am) coming

Ok, you (am) coming

Ok, they (am) coming

Ok, he/she (am) coming

ọma, ih ighi de

ọma, uh/w ighi de

ọma, ima ighi de

ọma, uwa ighi de

ọma, ihian ighi de

ọma, h ighi de

[ighi de]

Ok, I (am) not coming

Ok, you not coming

Ok, we not coming

Ok, you not coming

Ok, they not coming

Ok, he/she not coming

[not coming or no longer coming]

Ẹma, ih mufua

Ẹma, uh/w mufua

Ẹma, ima mufua

 

Ẹma, uwa mufua

(Ẹma, ihien mufua )

Ẹma, ihian mufua

 

Ẹma, ọh mufua

Not good, I discard/throw away

Not good, you discard/throw away

Not good, we discard/throw away

Not good, you(plural) discard/throw away

Not good, they discard/throw away

Not good, he/she discard/throw away

Ẹma, ih ma mufua!

 

Ẹma, uh/w ma mufua!

Ẹma, ima ma mufua!

Ẹma, uwa ma mufua!

Ẹma, ihian ma mufua!

Ẹma, ọh ma mufua!

Not good, I didn't discard/throw away

Not good, you didn't discard/throw away

Not good, we didn't discard/throw away

Not good, you didn't discard/throw away

Not good, they didn't discard/throw away

Not good, he/she didn't discard/throw away

 

To be Continued....

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