We the members of Great Benin Origins do firmly and solemnly resolve to provide for ourselves a constitution and to be governed therein contained.


The Name of the organisation is ‘'GREAT BENIN ORIGINS”. This organisation has two addresses for its operations.

Diaspora: (Head Office) Almansa 51, 4-2 08042 Barcelona. Spain.

Nigeria: (Branch Office) 32 Igun Street, Benin City. Edo State.

Article 2: WHAT IS GBO?

1. GBO is Great Benin Origins, it is a diaspora organization that shall strategically engage activities in Nigeria and in diaspora.

2. It is a socio- cultural organization that embraces unity, development and intercultural integration among members of the Great Benin Kingdom before 1897. This shall involves Exchange of programs, lectures, sports activities, tourism, intercultural festivals, arts and science innovative projects and investments in Nigeria and in diaspora

3. GBO organisation is socio culturally inclined and her primary objective is to unite all Idu's children and igodomigodo descendants who were and are scattered all over the continent for historic, cultural and econimic reasons, reintegrating in understanding as Great Benin Ancestries, who built the empire together before Invasion 1897 by the British.

4. This Initiative was visioned and coordinated by K. Uwagboe Ogieva populaly known as Uwagboe Ogieva.(as recognised and amended on presidential tenure 2019/2020 by the executive council)


(1) To unite all Igodomigodo descendants worldwide, organize them into a structured and organized institution, collectively design strategies for their cultural and economic emancipation

2) To bring all Great Benin people and Benin associations under one big united platform, while maintaining their individual/association goals for collective growth and development

3) To do or engage in every other things necessary as it relate to development of its members and Great Benin national interest.


Anyone by birth or association with Great Benin Kingdom/Nation can become a member

Types of Membership

There are four main types of memberships:

(i) Associate Members:

Associate Membership is non-voting, but as members, Associates can submit ideas & business plans participate in all initiative reviews and participate fully in all Membership Meetings and Initiatives. This provides a unique advantage to network with other stake holders of the organisation.

Associate membership is free for the students and age group 17 years and below. Submission of valid Identity Card is mandatory for this Membership.

(ii) Individual Members:

Individual Membership is with voting rights and is entitled to hold office and contest election for the office bearers of the country, regional and global chapters. As members, individual can submit ideas & business plans participate in all initiative reviews and participate fully in all Membership Meetings and Initiatives. This provides a unique advantage to network with other stake holders of the organisation

Individual membership is a paid membership and individuals from Academia and Industry like Educational Institutions, Universities, Research institutes, Corporate Houses, Self Employed, business persons, captains of industries, Professional bodies, Government & Non Government organizations can be admitted.

(iii) Organization Members:

Organization Members are commercial or non commercial organizations and all Benin associations that commit to working towards sociocultural integration, innovation, entrepreneurship skills and social accountability for their internal development initiatives and/or act strategically building initiatives, products and services, These organizations want to participate and influence in the development of the Corporate Social Initiatives. This is a paid membership.

Nominees of Organization Members have voting rights but are not entitled to hold office and contest election for country, regional and global chapters. As members, representatives can submit ideas & business plans participate in all initiative reviews and participate fully in all Membership Meetings and Initiatives. Apart from unique advantage to network with the other stake holders of the organization.

(iv) Honorary Members:

Eminent members of the education profession or persons of high scientific attainment or managerial practices or captains of industries residing in any country but of Benin Origins and any prominet Benin chieves may be nominated as honorary members (if so approved by the executive council). Members desirous of proposing such members must send details of the person with contact information to the Executive council. The total number of honorary membership in a Chapter irrespective of country Affiliating/ Regional or global shall not exceed 10 at any time. An honorary member will not be entitled to hold office or vote at any meeting. This Membership is strictly by invitation only.


A. To Be a registered member of GBO organisation:

  1. First, you must join GBO socio media forum or attend their meetings.

  2. Fill and submit GBO membership form online.

  3. Pay your GBO Socio Idcard fee to get the constitution and Idcard. Anyone who did not submit their form and pay their idcard fee with all necessary obligatory fees and levies of the organisation cannot enjoy the organization's benefits niether can he or she be a member of the executive council.

B. Benefits of being a registered member of GBO :

1. Can vote and be voted for.

2. Can be assisted in terms of logístics, and voluntary donation if the need arises as decided by the executive body.

3. Can participate in execution of organization projects and engagements.

  1. Can be a GBO agent or partner in investments


The hierachy of GBO shall be;

  1. Board of Trustees (Chairman, Secretary, Treasure Secretary and Other Board members)

  2. Executive council {President, Vice President, Secretary, Assistant Secretary, Treasure Secretary, Financial Secretary/Accountant, Welfare officer 1&11, Director of Media and Communication, Program/Events Director, Chief Whip/Provost, Director of Cultural Integration, Director of Tourism, Director of projects, Regional Coordinators[Europe, America, Australia, Asia, Africa], Country Coordinators [USA, UK, Nigeria, Spain, Germany etc]}

Other offices are:

  1. State Coordinators, Local government Coordinators, Fórum Coordinators/Admins, Chief Editors/Editors/Translators, Legal Adviser, Coordinator of Sports, Coordinator of Science and Innovation, Policy Development and Research Coordinator, Auditor 1&11, Secretary GBO house Nigeria.

Each Regional and Country Coordinators shall appoint their secretary and Treasure Secretary/Accountant and this will be ractified by the Executive Council.

The structure of the organization is a decentralized structure with election of principal officers into the executive council while other offices shall be by appointment/norminated By BOT. The President of the Executive Council is the ceremonial head of The Organisation.


  1. BOARD OF TRUSTEES (BOT) : The BOT shall:

  1. Provide the organization with sound governance, fiduciary and strategic oversight, and direction.

  2. Oversees the operations of the organization, ensuring that the public's trust is upheld, the mission addresses a community need, the practices are ethical, and legal requirements are met.

  3. Be responsible for assuring the financial integrity and solvency of the organization and establishing procedures to safeguard the organization from fraud and risk.

  1. Officers of the the BOT

ia. Chairman Of BOT:

The Chairman of Bot is Uwagboe Ogieva responsible for leading the board in practices of good governance. He set the tone for the rest of the board, he is visible representative of the organization. He generally appoints board committee and task force chairs, presides over board meetings, and often serves as a spokesperson for the organization. He is also the visioneer and founder of the organisation

ib. Treasure Secretary:

The Treasure Secretary is responsible for overseeing the financial operations and assuring that board members have the information they need to be effective fiscal stewards of the organization. Often this means regularly reviewing financial statements and assisting in preparing and resenting the organization's budget to the full board.

ic. Secretary:

The Secretary is responsible for ensuring that accurate minutes of the board meetings are kept. The Secretary creates the minutes.

  1. Constitution of members of the BOT

  1. The visión bearers of the organisation are members of BOT. They are members in the registrations of the Organisation.

  2. In the event of their demise, their next of kin will fill their slot except their next of kin decides otherwise. There shall be a written notice from the kin declining the position which will be sent to the President of the organisation within three month notice for necessary action to be taken.


This is the highest decisión making body of the Organisation. Desicions are taken base on simple majority vote excepting if amended by BOT where necessary. They approve and ractifies matters concerning GBO and its activites.

A. Officers of the EC


This is the ceremonial head of the organisation. Must be a visioner and astute believer in the cardinal objectives of GBO. This office is by election. He/she is a life member of GBO EC, eligible for two terms and later serve in the EC as ex officio member.

Vice President

This officer shall assist the president in running of GBO worldwide.


Takes minutes at GBO worldwide conferences. Holds the documents and insignia of GBO. All correspondence to and from GBO worldwide is through this office. Its by election.

a.Keep attendance record, minutes and records of executive meetings, annual meetings, general meetings and extraordinary meetings…

b. Shall be a cosignatory to the group account.

c.carry out all secretariat duties of the group.

d. keep proper records of all matters affecting the group.

f. have in custody the groups property but provided that such use is approved by the chairman and members of the group.

g. carry out other functions that may be assigned to him/her from time to time by the chairman and the group.

Assistant Secretary,

Assist the secretary its duties.

Financial Secretary/Accountant

This officer must be an accountant in order to fully carry out the duties of this office which requires collating accounts, all incomes and expenditures must be properly written to facilitate audit. Its by election.

a. Operate a bank account open by the group with the name of the group for the purpose.

b. Keep financial statements of account and keep records of payment and withdrawals and reasons of such.

c. Collect records of all monies due to the group.

d. Be a cosignatory to the account and also get alert on any withdrawal

e. Shall give a financial report to the house at anytime it is requested for with prior notice.

f. Prepare a balance sheet and submit his book to the group and the auditor at least once in a year.

Welfare officer 1&11

These offices are in charge of entertainment at GBO world wide conferences. They make arrangement for conference venues, accommodation of delegates, refreshments at conferences, visas, tickets, car/bus rides etc.

They refer matters of members needing financial assistance or otherwise to the executive council after thoroughly investigating that they are genuine cases. They help GBO dole out assistance in cash or kind to needy members of the society.

Director of Media and Communication

This office is the image maker of GBO. It manages the image of GBO through its timely updates of GBO website, sends out information concerning GBO activities. Sensitizes the public on GBO and what it stands for.

a. To be responsible for the publicity of the group.

b. Receive official visitors of the group and maintain a register of such visitor

c. Arrange press conference as directed by the group.

d. Should be in charge of the group publication.

e. Carry out other related functions.

Program/Events Director,

This office plans events. It suggests to the EC what event can be organized within a period of time

Chief Whip/Provost

This office maintains orderliness during meetings. Reprimands meeting disturbers and ensure no break out of fights and quarrel during meetings. It ensures there is proper decorum during meetings and conferences.

Director of Cultural Integration

This office showcases the rich cultural heritage of BENIN. Must be ready to collaborate and represent GBO at all festivals of arts and culture worldwide. Plans and execute cultural events within the scope of GBO

Director of Tourism

This office attracts tourist from all over the world to great Benin kingdom. It shall work with historians to draw up ancient sites for tourist attraction. It shall be responsible for the planning and execution of all tourism activities worldwide.

Director of projects,

This office shall be in charge of planning, execution, monitoring and supervision of GBO projects in Nigeria. Should ensure that all projects are executed according to GBO specifications.

Regional Directors[Europe, America, Australia, Asia, Africa]

They shall organise and coordinate GBO meetings and activities in their regions. They shall have their own secretaries and Treasure Secretary if the región control more than five countries. They shall work with their respective country directors to achieve GBO cardinal objectives.

Country Coordinator [USA, UK, Nigeria, Spain, Germany etc]

All the country coordinators shall be answerable to their respective regional coordinators. Depending on the number of members in each country, they shall have their secretary and Treasure Secretary. They shall organise and coordinate GBO meetings and events in their domains.


All activities of the regional directors and the country directors shall be monitored and supervised by the EC

State Coordinators, Local government Coordinators,

a. Uphold and defend the constitution of the group.

b.Be the first member chief executive and spokesman of the group.

c. Coordinate, supervise and harmonize activities of the group.

d.preside over all meetings of the executive council and shall summon through the secretary, all general meetings, annual meetings, extraordinary meetings of the group.

e.present the budget estimate on anything been undertaken by the group to the house for consideration.

Vice Coordinator:

a. Act for the Coordinator/chairman in his absence.

b. Advise and assist the chairman in the discharge of his duties

c. In the event of the office of the Coordinator/chairman becoming vacant as a result of death, removal and resignation and/or otherwise of the person holding that office, the vice chairman shall act as chairman pending the resolution of the issues.


  1. Fórum Coordinators/Admins,

He/she shall moderate GBO media fórums, whatsapp and facebook. He/she shall admit members to the fora. He /she shall caution and discipline members who break the GBO fora rules and regulation. He shall monitor posts in the house and delete nuisance posts.

  1. Chief Editors/Editors/Translators,

He/she shall proof read and edit all GBO articles. Ensure that only Edo worthy articles are published. Shall ensure timely publications of all GBO articles and reports.

  1. Legal Adviser

a. Shall be the chief legal officer of the GBO

b. Shall defend and act as counsel of GBO whenever its sued or is suing any body.

c. Shall maintain peace and order during meetings

d. Shall assist GBO in the performance of its day to day activities according to law.

e. Shall refer constitutional matters for interpretation or determination to a court where such becomes necessary on behalf of GBO or if he/she receive request by any organ of GBO or appropriate officer praying that such matters be referred to the court for determination.

  1. Coordinator of Sports,

He/she shall organise cultural sports festivals and attend same.

  1. Coordinator of Science and Innovation,

He/she shall be in charge of hunting talents for science and innovation. He shall organise science and innovation competition. He/she shall ensure that GBO is ably represented in science and innovation conferences with the presentation of science and innovation projects.

  1. Policy Development and Research Coordinator,

He shall formúlate policies and interprete them from time to time in line with current ethical practices. He shall furnish GBO with latest ethical practices as it relates to Non profits or non governmental organisation.

  1. Auditor 1&11,

This officer shall be based in diáspora and in Nigeria. He shall audit all GBO financial matters periodically. He shall ensure that GBO budgets are audited before they are expended. All monies spent by GBO must be audited before expenditure.

  1. Secretary GBO house Nigeria.

He/she shall be appointed by the EC of GBO worldwide. He/she shall be the liason officer of GBO in Nigeria. All correspondence and documents shall be handled by him/she. He shall see to the orderliness of GBO house and business in Nigeria. Organise meetings, take minutes, register members and furnish GBO EC with all relevant information.

Article 6: ACCOUNTING:

There shall be one central account in each region with RC, President, Secretary and Accountant signatories. RC will be represented by secretary if not available.

Withdrawer with at least 2 signatories. Account statements should be read to the house and also sent to all members by the country accountant quarterly (say once in every 4months). The GBO Auditors will collate all country accounts and send out a regional statement of account once a year.

Auditing of a country accounts will be done by the GBO Auditors at the end of every year. Any misappropriation of funds will leads to suspension of officer for 3months and a request to pay back issued. A lawsuit could be file at the country or state law court against accuse if irregularities persist disobedience to GBO authorities, arrogancy or indisciplinary act exhibited.


Projects and expenditure to be suggested, discussed and approve by single majority in the Executive council or in some cases in the general assembly if the need arises. Approval of fund to be voted for by single majority vote at the executive council approve by BOT if necessary.


All executive officers are eligible for two terms of office only. Elections shall be held every two years to all executive positions. The president of GBO executive council shall be entitled for life membership of the EC as he becomes ex officio member. The members of the BOT are life members of GBO EC. An officer can decide to resign from office following ill health, inability to discharge his/her duties efficiently.

Article 9: MODE OF OFFICE:

Executive positions and decision making format: Executives elections to be suggested by members of the house and vote with single majority including the position of the President, RC, CC, SC and LC. The President, RC, CC, SC and LC can present anyone he or she feels is best as his or her secretary to be voted by the house in a single majority


The duty of the President is to preside over meetings and represent Great Benin Origins

The duty of the RC is to coordinate and monitor GBO activities, sign accounts and monitor Great Benin Origins activities in her region. CC is to coordinate GBO in her country same with SC and LC.

Article 11: SOURCE OF FUND:
The source of fund for Great Benin Origins shall mainly be on voluntary donation. Donations shall be at every meeting or in any events of GBO. Donations shall be accepted only if it does not carry a selfish agenda.

2. Dues shall be collected from members on quarterly or yearly basis depending on convenience. Membership dues shall be reviewed from time to time by the executive council subject to approval by the entire congress.

3. Profit accruing from activities and engagement organized by the group.

4. Proceeds from undertakings which the group may deem fit to embark on from time to time..

4. All monies coming into the purse of the organisation from other lawful sources.

5. Other fees to be paid by the members as may be approved by the congress with the recommendation of the executives.

Members will be attended to base on how they contribute to the organization. Members are obligated to fill correctly Great Benin Origins organisation forms online properly and pay for their respective ID cards fees that will be given to them with a particular security number that identify them as bonafide member of Great Benin Origins Organisation worldwide.


The election of an executive shall be deemed dissolved by the organisation by a 2/3 majority of members present and if voting was not satisfactorily conducted. And if there has been, improper handling of elections.

Article 14: DISCIPLINE

The head of Executive council who is also the president of GBO shall have power to discipline any executive officer on the ground of misconduct in the discharge of his duty provided that removal shall be handled by the group on recommendation. Any member that showcases gross misconduct shall all be refered to the disciplinary committee for necessary actions. Removal shall be decided by 2/3 majority vote in the executive council after all due process followed.


Election into offices is not compulsory for all positions. Some positions are by appointment/selection. Those positions that require election and not appointment or selection in the Executive council are President, Secretary, Treasure Secretary and any other positions as recommended by the BOT.

1. Time of election;

a. Elections to all executive positions shall be conducted at the end of a two years tenure in the Annual general meeting at a venue agreed by majority of the members at least a month before the expiration of a tenure. The elections shall start from the state, country and regional chapters which will now culmínate in the global elections. Every member is entitled to two terms in office.

b. Dates of the election shall be scheduled by the electoral committee that will be set up by the Executive council prior to expiration of offices.

2. Eligibility:

i. Subject to the provision of this constitution, only registered members of this GBO who have spent at least one 3 months shall be eligible to contest an election under this constitution.

ii. The person must be actively involved in the groups activities.

Iii. No person shall be allowed to contest more than one elective position.

iv. No candidate suffering from insanity or otherwise shall be qualified to contest for an office under this constitution.

v. Nobody who holds membership of any organization declared to or regarded as a secret cult or terrorist organization by the Government of the federal Republic of Nigeria shall be eligible to contest any office provided for by the constitution

  1. Members can later voluntarily include other office to their elected office after election for sake of necessity.

Electoral Guidelines And Eligibility to Contest for Executive Council Office in Great Benin Originss (GBO).

3. Electoral Committee’s criteria to accredit prospective electoral candidates :

1) Must have filled and Submitted GBO’s membership form.
2) Must have Payed GBO Registration Fee.
3) Must have obtained GBO’s Identity Card or show proof of Id & Registration payment.
4) Must be a regular participant and contributor on GBO Social Media Forums.
5) Must have been admitted and accredited as a bonafide GBO member for not less than 3 months.
6) Must have attended GBO’s annual Conference or attended her important or emergency meetings, (
Note : Point # 6 is only applicable to the Offices of The President, Vice President, Secretary and The Finacial Scretary, other positions are exempted)
7) Must be a person of good moral standing and integrity.
8) Must have fulfilled and complied with the payments of GBO’s annual dues of the previous year.
9) Must have a genuine interest to serve and function appropriately in designated office.
10) Must be ready to uphold the constitution, bye laws and regulation of the association.
11) Must fervently promote the aims and objective of GBO.
• The President and Vice President’s office must be alternated between a male and a female member for the sake of gender equality(ie, If a Man is elected President, a Woman assumes the Vice President and Vice Versa).
• The Secretarial office must be managed by a competent personality that must be available at almost every annual conference meetings, forum proceedings and Executive Council’s deliberations. Possession of basic secretarial skills will be an advantage.
• The Financial Secretary’s office must be managed by a person with high integrity and also knowledgeable in basic calculation or accounting, coupled with financial record keeping abilities.


The executive council shall have the power to spend the group's funds judiciously for the group purpose and in any of the following manners:

  1. The executive shall lay before the executive council its budget showing estimates of income and expenditures for the year which will subsequently be read before congress and ractified by the executive council.

  2. The expenditure estimates shall fall within the budgeted overheads and the limits provided for in the main or supplementary budget approved by the executive council.

  3. such other expenses as may be recommended by the executives or members and approved by executive council.

  4. Any mismanagement or alleged mismanagement of the group's funds shall be made know to the group by any member or executive member and the group shall within a period of 5 days set up a committee to investigate it.


i.Revenue accruing to the group shall be allocated based on the needs of the organization

ii. It shall be spent on projects promoting the Benin culture as it affect the development of the Organization and Great Benin Nation

iv.All the group's monies shall be kept in the group's bank account

v. An impress of not more than (#10000 ) ten thousand only at any point in time shall be kept with the financial secretary of the group which shall be subjected to the approval of the chairman or Executive council president. This is subject to review from time to time.


The signatories of any two of bellow signatories for withdrawer from the groups bank account:

1, Chairman of BOT

2, Organisation President

3. Organisation Secretary

4. Organisation Financial Secretary


a) The Organization shall have a common seal.

b) Such common seal will be kept in the custody of the secretary who shall produce it when required for use by the Organization.

c) All documents by the Organization shall be signed by the president and secretary and sealed or stamped with the common seal or organisation stamp.


For effective administration of the Organization there shall be the following meetings:

1. Socio media fórums (whatsapp/facebook etc)

2. Annual General meeting

3. General meeting

4. Extraordinary/emergency meeting

The quorum for the meeting shall be:

a. Simple majority

b. 2/3 majority

c. Notice of meeting shall be send to all members of the Organization by any available means, notice send on the group whatsapp shall be deem as sufficient notice

d. Notice of the meetings shall be sent to members not later than seven days to the ordinary meeting and 2 days to an extra ordinary/emergency meeting.

e. It shall be seen as good notice when it is posted on the group WhatsApp forum for this purpose.

f. A quorum shall consist of not less than simple majority of the members present at the meeting.


The president/regional/country/state directors and other members of the Executive shall without prejudice to any other provision of this constitution be deemed removed from office under the following conditions.

a. Whenever a notice of impeachment for gross misconduct, malpractice or maladministration signed or supported by not less than (1/3) one third of the entire members of the group is made in writing or any other form accepted by the group is presented before the president, if involved then any member of the executive, with details of the allegations specified.

b. The President or secretary if involved, any other member of the executive shall within (3) days of the receipt of such notice ensure that a copy is served on such holder of the office and on each member of the group.

c. The group shall within (7) days of the publication cause the allegations to be investigated by a committee of (7) seven members nominated by and ratified by the executive council or the congress.

d. The holder(s) of the office whose conduct is under investigation shall.

i). Have a right to defend himself subject to the provision of this constitution.

ii). Stand suspended from the time the notice is red before the group in sitting until the issue is disposed.

e. Where the allegations is substantiated and it is supported by simple majority of the members of the house at a properly constituted meeting of the group and voting to this effect has taken place. The executive or group as the case may be will within (8) eight days cause the removal of the person.


i. Any member or executive member who wishes to resign may do so after giving one (1) month written notice to the executive council.

ii. The notice referred to above shall in the case of the president be given to the vice president and in the case of any other member or Executive member given to the president.

iii.A member of the Executive council Shall normally be suspended from office for not more than a month depending on the issue but must be by a resolution passed by (2/3) two third majority of executive members present in a proper meeting by voting.

iv. Before a member of the Executive vácate his/her seat, he shall render account and return all GBO property in his position to the chairman or any other person delegated by the Executive.


The president/regional/country/state directors shall preside over all meetings and perform all duty assigned to his office.

1. Meetings shall be conveyed in accordance with the provision of the constitution

2. Notice of meetings shall be written issued by the secretary at least 7 days before ordinary meetings and 2 days before emergency meetings in the online platform but in the case of Annual General meetings a notice of not less than one month shall be given.

3.The notice shall specify the date, time, place and the business of the meeting, the place shall of the meeting shall be determined from time to time as agreed by members be it online or live meetings..



The Organization may alter the provision of its Constitution at the General meeting by a resolution passed by a simple majority of his members and approved by the executive council.


The income and property of the Organization shall:

a, shall be applied solely towards the promotion of the objective of the body as set out and no portion thereof shall be paid or transferred directly or indirectly, by way of dividend, bonus or otherwise however, by way of profit, to the members of the Organization paid by fees and

b. No remuneration or other benefit in money Worth shall be given be share by members, except if agreed at the general meeting to do so.

c, PROVIDE that nothing shall prevent the payment in good faith ,or reasonable and proper remuneration to any officer of the Organization in return for any service actually rendered to the Organization.

e, In the event of a winding up or dissolution of the corporate body if there remain after the satisfaction of all its debts and liabilities, any property whatsoever, the same shall not be paid to or distributed among members of the Organization but shall be given to other institutions, having objectives similar to the objective of this Organization, Such institutions or charitable house is to be determined by the members of the Organization at or before the time of dissolution.

GBO chapters shall have their bye laws that will govern them in accordance with local customs. The laws and this constitution shall be reviewed from time to time as circumstances change.

Dated this……… Day of ……….,…………..2018

……………………………….. ………………. ……………


Chairman constitution drafting committee Date

…………………………………………………. ……………………..


Secretary constitution drafting committee Date

Other Signatories

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